English Tutoring – Primary School

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Let Optimise Learning assist your child to maximise their potential and improve their primary school achievements in English!

Our one-to-one English tutoring lessons assist students to understand English concepts, build specific skill sets, gain confidence and become motivated readers, writers and spellers.

English Tutoring from Prep to Year 2

The first three years of school are arguably the most important for a student, particularly in English. From Prep to Year 2, students are developing their foundational knowledge and skills in the areas of phonemic and phonological awareness, reading, writing, listening, speaking and spelling. If a student falls behind in English in their early years of school, research shows that it is extremely difficult for them to catch up in later years without extra assistance.

Whilst the focus of our individualised tutoring is dependent on the specific learning needs of each student, our tutoring lessons cover the full range of early English skills taught at school, including:

  • Print concepts and associated vocabulary
  • Letters of the alphabet, and the sounds they make
  • Blending vowels and consonants to read and write
  • The use of reading strategies to decode unfamiliar text
  • Reading and writing a range of frequently encountered words, also known as sight words, with automaticity
  • Editing and punctuating personal writing
  • Reading fluency and expression
  • Constructing sentences using correct grammar
  • Developing the ability to read and write a variety of text types
  • Handwriting formation
  • Reading comprehension, including literal and inferential comprehension skills
  • Blends and digraphs
Primary school English tutoring Prep-Y2

English Tutoring from Year 3 to Year 6

Throughout the middle and upper years of Primary School, students are consolidating and extending their English knowledge and skills in the areas of reading, writing, listening, speaking and spelling.

Whilst the focus of our individualised lessons is dependent on the specific learning needs of each student, our tutoring lessons cover the full range of English skills taught from Year 3 to Year 6 at school. This involves developing proficiencies in a range of areas, including:

  • Complex grammar and punctuation
  • Spelling patterns and rules, including syllables, affixes and derivational relations
  • Strategic reading of various text types
  • The ability to compare and analyse different text types, explaining both literal and implied meaning
  • Planning and writing a range of text types, elaborating on key ideas for a range of purposes and using a variety of language features
  • Clause and sentence structure
  • Using language features and patterns for emphasis in personal writing
  • The ability to select and use evidence from a text
  • Use specific vocabulary choices to enhance cohesion and structure in written pieces
  • Classifying word, sentence and text structures
  • Using metalanguage to communicate ideas
Primary school English tutoring Y3-6

Is your child receiving the grades they are capable of achieving at school?

Is your child finding reading and spelling difficult despite trying their best? Does your child find writing tedious and boring?

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Students with Reading Difficulties

Learning how to read is not easy, and whilst many students find reading difficult, they do so for different reasons. For example, some students don’t know how to use meaning cues when reading, another student may need to learn how to blend letters together during reading, whilst another student might not use visual cues when reading.

Our initial reading assessment identifies the skills a student has yet to learn, and it is these skills that are explicitly taught during their tutoring lessons.  Ongoing analysis of the errors a student makes whilst reading, guides what skills will be taught in the next tutoring lesson.

Each lesson, tutors select learning experiences and tasks for their student to complete that are designed to accelerate the development of their reading and comprehension skills. Learning experiences and tasks include: 

  • Reading a variety of text types to the tutor
  • Receiving explicit teaching and feedback
  • Participating in modelled and shared reading tasks
  • Completing a range of reading comprehension tasks including responding to literal and inferential questions, and completing cloze exercises
  • Completing a range of activities designed to extend their understanding of grammar, vocabulary and sentence structure
  • ‘Making and breaking’ words
  • Extending the number of frequently encountered words, also known as sight words, that can be read with automaticity
  • Developing the range and scope of reading strategies used
  • Improving reading fluency, phrasing and expression

Students with Writing Difficulties

The skills of reading and writing are very closely related. As students become more skilled at reading, their skills in writing can improve. Also, as students become more skilled at writing their ability in phonics, spelling, word recognition, punctuation, grammar and text types improves too.

Our initial writing assessment identifies the skills a student has yet to learn, and it is these skills that are explicitly taught during their tutoring lessons.  Ongoing analysis of the errors a student makes whilst writing, guides what skills will be taught in the next tutoring lesson.

Each lesson, tutors select learning experiences and tasks for their student to complete that are designed to accelerate the development of their writing skills. Learning experiences and tasks include: 

  • Studying the features and structures of different text types
  • Learning how to correctly construct sentences, paragraphs and texts
  • Planning, drafting and writing a variety of text types
  • Receiving and responding to explicit teaching and feedback
  • Participating in modelled and shared writing tasks
  • Proofreading, reviewing and editing written pieces to improve them
  • Identifying and using language features of different text types
  • Enriching writing through the use of adjectives, connectives and grammar conventions
  • Developing the range and scope of writing strategies used

Students with Spelling Difficulties

Spelling is a complex skill that does not develop naturally.  Like reading and writing, spelling needs to be taught explicitly. When spelling words, students are using their phonological knowledge, their orthographical knowledge, their morphemic knowledge and their etymological knowledge.

  • Phonological Knowledge – Refers to the knowledge of sounds.
  • Orthographical Knowledge – Refers to the knowledge of written symbols used to represent spoken language.
  • Morphemic Knowledge – Refers to the knowledge of the meaning of words.
  • Etymological Knowledge – Refers to knowledge of the origins of words.

Our initial spelling assessment identifies the skills a student has yet to learn, and it is these skills that are explicitly taught during their tutoring lessons.  Ongoing analysis of the errors a student makes whilst spelling, guides what skills will be taught in the next tutoring lesson.

Each lesson, tutors select learning experiences and tasks for their student to complete that are designed to accelerate the development of their word knowledge and spelling skills. Learning experiences and tasks include:

  • Explicitly teaching phonological strategies, orthographic strategies, morphemic strategies and etymological strategies
  • Studying the features and structures of different word types
  • Explicitly teaching the English spelling rules
  • Extending the repertoire of spelling strategies students can use competently
  • Participating in modelled and shared spelling tasks
  • Studying how words work
  • Overlearning ‘difficult’ words, and taking them to analogy

Examples  Of  Our English Online Tutoring Resources